Get an insight into the theories behind the profiles
Theory behind the profiles
e-disc, e-interpersonal, e-fivefactor
The theoretical basis for e-stimates e-disc profile is the evolutionary psychology’s “fundamental two” – “theory of human behavior” and Adler’s “psychological types”. Both are based on the term that man, by nature, has some basic genetically determined personal “drivers” or qualities that underlie our behavior. e-disc is a simple representation of the interpersonal circumplex (the circle).
The e-stimate e-interpersonal profile is based on the evolutionary psychological theory and the interpersonal circumplex (the circle). The interpersonal circumplex identify interpersonal traits, behaviors and motives (Wiggins, 2003) and builds on the ‘fundamental two’ of evolutionary psychology, which is 1) empowerment, domination and power, and 2) community, solidarity and kindness. The circle reflects a weighted combination of these two dimensions in eight facets.
One of the more prominent models in today’s psychology is known as the Five Factor Model (FFM) or The Big Five. From a historical point-of-view, one distinguishes between three phases in the development of five factor models, where interpersonal theory (Wiggins) has taken a central place in recent years. In the e-interpersonal profile, the neuroticism factor is included yet a little more “charming” as resilience together with GRIT.
The theoretical basis for the e-fivefactor profile is based on the most internationally recognized- and scientifically proven model for personality traits – The Big Five or Five Factor Model (John et al., 2008; McCrae & Costa, 2008). e-fivefactor is based on IPIP-NEO (Johnson, 2011), which is a research-based database of personality items developed by some of the most internationally recognized personality researchers such as Goldberg, Hogan and Clonninger. IPIP-NEO is validated on more than 500,000 people internationally.
What is psychometry?
psychometric, ipsative, normative
Psychometry combines psyche (mind) and metric (measurement). Therefore, a psychometric test is a tool that measures a person’s personal preferences, trading trends and behavioral patterns.
e-disc, e-interpersonal and e-team are all ipsative tests and are based on the forced choice scoring technique. This means that the focus persons must prioritize between several response options. The report gives a picture of behavior in interaction with other people as well as intuitive and sought-after behavior. The advantage of the profiles is that they have a rapid answer time and that the report is easy to understand and use. The downside is a lower level of detail and you must be aware that the test does not go as deep as a normative test.
e-fivefactor is a normative test and shows personality traits compared to a norm group. In a normative test, all questions are assessed on a five-scale from “very agree” to “very disagree”. The advantage is a high level of detail, high degree of precision and predictive value. The disadvantage is that it takes longer to answer, can be harder to interpret and more difficult to convey.
Predictive value is a statistical concept used to say something about the profile’s ability to predict future behavior. For example: Whether a person with a high score of “outgoing” will also appear outgoing during the given period after he / she has completed a personality test.